5 Best Difference Between MPSC and UPSC for Any One

Nov 20, 2023

In India, there are two major examinations for civil service: the MPSC and UPSC. Both are important for those who want to serve the country. However, they have significant differences. This article will examine the differences between MPSC and UPSC.

Introduction: MPSC vs UPSC

The civil services examinations are very competitive, and they are regarded as one of the toughest exams in India. MPSC and UPSC are the two main examinations often compared. Both exams aim to select candidates for positions in administration, but there are differences. The purpose of this article is to give a complete guide on the differences between MPSC & UPSC.

MPSC and UPSC – A Brief Overview

Both the Maharashtra Public Service Commission and Union Public Service Commission conduct exams for candidates to fill administrative posts. The MPSC conducts examinations in Maharashtra while the UPSC administers them at the national level.

Why is Difference Between MPSC and UPSC

Figure-no-01: MPSC
  • UPSC is the Union Public Service Commission, an independent body that conducts exams in all of India to choose candidates for different departments within the government. UPSC conducts a prestigious civil services exam that draws bright students from all across India. These exams are taken by many students who want to pursue a government career because they enjoy the prestige and sense of security. They also like the opportunity to enter administration in order to help the poor. MPSC, another state-level exam of a similar nature, is also held. In India, all states conduct civil service exams in order to choose deserving candidates who will be employed in the various departments. There is a major difference in these two exams. The MPSC test is only for people who live in Maharashtra, and it selects officers to be posted in Maharashtra. UPSC chooses candidates that are placed in different departments within the federal government.
Figure-no-02: UPSC
  • You can appear in UPSC examinations if you have graduated and are over 21. To be eligible to take the MPSC exam, however, you must prove that you are a resident of your state. Both exams have the same syllabus and are similar in other aspects. After a screening test, candidates who pass the preliminary exam are invited to take part in the main examination. The preliminary examination is of an objective nature. However, the main exam has two parts depending on which subjects you choose. The General Studies paper is another option. In the MPSC exam, you can choose to take the paper in Marathi, the official language in Maharashtra, instead of English or Hindi.
  • The candidates who have passed the written exam will be asked to attend a personal interview. After adding the scores from the interview to those obtained during the written test, a list of merits is created that determines the rank of successful candidates. The candidates are chosen to serve in various positions based on their exam rank.
  • The rank that candidates who have passed MPSC receive depends on their ranking. It depends on the ranking.
  • The MPSC allows you to compete with fewer candidates.

Criteria for eligibility

  • Maximum age

According to the type of candidate, the age limits for the MPSC exam and UPSC examination vary. The MPSC upper age limit is 38 for general category candidates. For UPSC, this is 32. Candidates belonging to the reserved categories have a relaxed age limit.

Educational qualifications

Both exams require the following qualifications:

  • The MPSC requires that candidates have earned a Bachelor’s Degree in any field from an accredited university.
  • UPSC: Candidates are required to have at least a Bachelor’s Degree in any field from an accredited university.

The Exam Pattern and Stages

  • Examen préliminaire

The MPSC exam and UPSC both have a preliminary stage. MPSC’s preliminary examination consists of General Studies and Civil Services Aptitude Test. UPSC’s preliminary examination also has two papers: General Studies Paper-I, and General Studies Paper-II (also known as Civil Services Aptitude Test or CSAT).

  • Mains exam

Candidates who pass the preliminary examination are then eligible to take the main exam. The MPSC mains examination consists of 6 papers including 2 language papers, 2 general studies papers, and 2 papers related to a candidate’s field. The UPSC mains examination consists of nine papers including one language, four general study papers, and two optional papers.


Interviews are conducted with candidates who have passed the main exam. Interviews are worth 100 points for MPSC as well as UPSC.


Both exams have different syllabuses. Both exams have different syllabuses. The MPSC tests the candidates on their knowledge of Maharashtra while the UPSC tests them on the knowledge of all of India.

The difficulty level

Both exams are considered difficult, however, the MPSC test is more challenging.

Career Options

Both exams are optional for candidates who pass both. MPSC hires for various administrative posts in Maharashtra’s government.

Pay and benefits

Salary and benefits for MPSC candidates and UPSC are not the same. MPSC candidates receive a salary based on the pay scale of the state, while UPSC candidates get a pay scale based on the federal government. UPSC candidates receive a higher salary and more perks than MPSC candidates.

How to apply and the fees

Both exams have different application processes and costs. Both online and offline applications are accepted for the MPSC examination, but only online for the UPSC. Application fees for MPSC exams vary depending on the category, while application fees for UPSC are fixed.

Preparation strategy

Both exams require different preparation strategies. For MPSC candidates, the focus should be on the geography, history, and culture of the state. Candidates preparing to take the UPSC examination should concentrate on the country’s history, geography, and culture.

What exam should I choose?

The choice between MPSC or UPSC is based on a number of factors, including the candidate’s educational background and goals for the future. MPSC would be the best choice for a candidate who is looking to serve Maharashtra state. UPSC offers a better salary, and perks for candidates who want to serve the federal government.

MPSC: pros and cons

  • Pros:
  1. The exam is much easier than UPSC
  2. Maharashtra offers government jobs to qualified candidates.
  3. Preparation is made easier because the syllabus only covers Maharashtra.
  • Cons:
  1. Salary and benefits are less than what is offered by UPSC.
  2. Maharashtra is the only state that offers career development opportunities.
  3. The pros and cons of UPSC
  • Pros:
  1. Salary and benefits are more generous than what is offered by MPSC.
  2. Career growth is higher.
  3. The central government is looking for candidates to serve.
  • Cons:
  1. The exam is difficult and will require more preparation.
  2. Competition is fierce.
  3. Conclusion

While both MPSC and UPSC tests are designed to select candidates for positions in administration, there are significant differences between them. The decision between MPSC and UPSC depends on the candidate’s educational background, interests, and goals for the future. Before making a choice, candidates should consider all of these aspects.


the difference between MPSC (Maharashtra Public Service Commission) and UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) is in their authority and focus. MPSC mostly serves Maharashtra as a state. Maharashtra in managing recruitment and selection processes for positions in state government. It is more regional-specific and provides the state’s administrative services.

In contrast, UPSC operates at the national level, managing recruitment of the federal government by means of important exams like the Civil Services Examination. UPSC’s jurisdiction extends to various administrative and diplomatic as well as police functions, influencing the direction of the whole nation. Both commissions play crucial functions in shaping the public sector MPSC’s responsibilities are within Maharashtra and the UPSC is a larger national reach, reflecting the Indian federal structure. administrative system.